World's largest dams on earth.

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Largest dams in the world


World's largest dams

By height
nametype1date of completionrivercountryheight (metres)
1Key: A, arch; B, buttress; E, earth fill; G, gravity; M, multi-arch; R, rock fill.
2Vaiont Dam was the scene of a massive landslide and flood in 1963 and no longer operates.
3Diversion tunnels closed and reservoir filling begun December 2002.
4Impounds settling reservoir for fine tailings in oil sands operation near Fort McMurray, Alberta.
5Most of this reservoir is a natural lake.
Source: International Water Power and Dam Construction Yearbook (1996).
NurekE1980VakhshTajikistan300
Grande DixenceG1961DixenceSwitzerland285
InguriA1980InguriGeorgia272
Vaiont2A1961VaiontItaly262
ChicoasenER1980GrijalvaMexico261
TehriER20023BhagirathiIndia261
MauvoisinA1957Drance de BagnesSwitzerland250
GuavioER1989GuavioColombia246
Sayano-ShushenskoyeAG1989YeniseyRussia245
MicaER1973ColumbiaCanada242
ErtanA1999Yalong (Ya-lung)China240
ChivorER1957BatáColombia237
By volume
nametype1date of completionrivercountryvolume (000 cubic metres)
Syncrude TailingsEN/A4Canada750,000
New Cornelia TailingsE1973Ten Mile WashU.S.209,500
TarbelaER1977IndusPakistan106,000
Fort PeckE1937MissouriU.S.96,050
Lower UsumaE1990UsumaNigeria93,000
TucuruiEGR1984TocantinsBrazil85,200
AtaturkER1990EuphratesTurkey84,500
Guri (Raúl Leoni)EGR1986CaroníVenezuela77,971
OaheE1958MissouriU.S.66,517
GardinerE1968SaskatchewanCanada65,400
ManglaE1967JhelumPakistan65,379
AfsluitdijkE1932IJsselmeerNetherlands63,430
By size of reservoir
nametype1date of completionrivercountryreservoir capacity (000 cubic metres)
Owen FallsG1954Victoria NileUganda2,700,000,0005
KakhovkaEG1955DnieperUkraine182,000,000
KaribaA1959ZambeziZimbabwe-Zambia180,600,000
BratskEG1964AngaraRussia169,270,000
Aswan HighER1970NileEgypt168,900,000
AkosomboER1965VoltaGhana153,000,000
Daniel JohnsonM1968ManicouaganCanada141,852,000
Guri (Raúl Leoni)EGR1986CaroníVenezuela138,000,000
KrasnoyarskG1967YeniseyRussia73,300,000
W.A.C. BennettE1967PeaceCanada70,309,000
ZeyaB1978ZeyaRussia68,400,000
Cahora BassaA1974ZambeziMozambique63,000,000
By power capacity
nametype1date of completionrivercountryinstalled capacity(megawatts)
ItaipúEGR1982ParanáBrazil-Paraguay12,600
Guri (Raúl Leoni)EGR1986CaroníVenezuela10,300
Grand CouleeG1941ColumbiaU.S.6,480
Sayano-ShushenskoyeAG1989YeniseyRussia6,400
KrasnoyarskG1967YeniseyRussia6,000
Churchill FallsE1971ChurchillCanada5,428
La Grande 2R1978La GrandeCanada5,328
BratskEG1964AngaraRussia4,500
Ust-IlimR1977AngaraRussia4,320
TucuruiEGR1984TocantinsBrazil4,200
Ilha Solteira1973ParanáBrazil3,200
TarbelaER1977IndusPakistan3,478



By height
nametype1date of completionrivercountryheight (metres)
1Key: A, arch; B, buttress; E, earth fill; G, gravity; M, multi-arch; R, rock fill.
2Vaiont Dam was the scene of a massive landslide and flood in 1963 and no longer operates.
3Diversion tunnels closed and reservoir filling begun December 2002.
4Impounds settling reservoir for fine tailings in oil sands operation near Fort McMurray, Alberta.
5Most of this reservoir is a natural lake.
Source: International Water Power and Dam Construction Yearbook (1996).
NurekE1980VakhshTajikistan300
Grande DixenceG1961DixenceSwitzerland285
InguriA1980InguriGeorgia272
Vaiont2A1961VaiontItaly262
ChicoasenER1980GrijalvaMexico261
TehriER20023BhagirathiIndia261
MauvoisinA1957Drance de BagnesSwitzerland250
GuavioER1989GuavioColombia246
Sayano-ShushenskoyeAG1989YeniseyRussia245
MicaER1973ColumbiaCanada242
ErtanA1999Yalong (Ya-lung)China240
ChivorER1957BatáColombia237
By volume
nametype1date of completionrivercountryvolume (000 cubic metres)
Syncrude TailingsEN/A4Canada750,000
New Cornelia TailingsE1973Ten Mile WashU.S.209,500
TarbelaER1977IndusPakistan106,000
Fort PeckE1937MissouriU.S.96,050
Lower UsumaE1990UsumaNigeria93,000
TucuruiEGR1984TocantinsBrazil85,200
AtaturkER1990EuphratesTurkey84,500
Guri (Raúl Leoni)EGR1986CaroníVenezuela77,971
OaheE1958MissouriU.S.66,517
GardinerE1968SaskatchewanCanada65,400
ManglaE1967JhelumPakistan65,379
AfsluitdijkE1932IJsselmeerNetherlands63,430
By size of reservoir
nametype1date of completionrivercountryreservoir capacity (000 cubic metres)
Owen FallsG1954Victoria NileUganda2,700,000,0005
KakhovkaEG1955DnieperUkraine182,000,000
KaribaA1959ZambeziZimbabwe-Zambia180,600,000
BratskEG1964AngaraRussia169,270,000
Aswan HighER1970NileEgypt168,900,000
AkosomboER1965VoltaGhana153,000,000
Daniel JohnsonM1968ManicouaganCanada141,852,000
Guri (Raúl Leoni)EGR1986CaroníVenezuela138,000,000
KrasnoyarskG1967YeniseyRussia73,300,000
W.A.C. BennettE1967PeaceCanada70,309,000
ZeyaB1978ZeyaRussia68,400,000
Cahora BassaA1974ZambeziMozambique63,000,000
By power capacity
nametype1date of completionrivercountryinstalled capacity(megawatts)
ItaipúEGR1982ParanáBrazil-Paraguay12,600
Guri (Raúl Leoni)EGR1986CaroníVenezuela10,300
Grand CouleeG1941ColumbiaU.S.6,480
Sayano-ShushenskoyeAG1989YeniseyRussia6,400
KrasnoyarskG1967YeniseyRussia6,000
Churchill FallsE1971ChurchillCanada5,428
La Grande 2R1978La GrandeCanada5,328
BratskEG1964AngaraRussia4,500
Ust-IlimR1977AngaraRussia4,320
TucuruiEGR1984TocantinsBrazil4,200
Ilha Solteira1973ParanáBrazil3,200
TarbelaER1977IndusPakistan3,478

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